“The conditions attached to your insurance policies are important, so make sure you read and understand them, as where significant conditions are not met, it is usual for the insurer to refuse to pay what might appear to be a reasonable claim,” says <<CONTACT DETAILS>>.
Recently, the owner of a trawler valued at over £120,000 claimed on his insurance policy when the vessel was destroyed by fire whilst tied up in port. There were no crew members present on the trawler when it caught fire.
The policy contained a provision that there should be a ‘Warranted Owner and/or Owner’s experienced Skipper on board and in charge at all times and one experienced crew member’. As there were no crew members present at the time of the fire, the insurer refused to pay. The claimant argued that the clause only applied when the vessel was at sea and, if applied literally, would lead to absurd results, especially given the cramped nature of the accommodation on board.
The court supported the insurer, agreeing that the clause had to be interpreted literally. The fact that the clause was practically very difficult indeed for the insured to comply with did not relieve him from his legal obligation.
For the court to make a ruling that insurance cover should be based on what seems to be common sense, rather than what the policy actually says, would be a very risky approach and challenges could proliferate. The courts are not inclined to interpret policies in ways that differ from their strict meanings. If you have any doubts as to the legal effect of your insurance arrangements, contact us for advice.
Pratt v Aigaion Insurance Co SA  EWHC 489 (Admlty).